Lexical semantics is the study of keyword meaning. Descriptively talking, the main topic of learned inside lexical semantics involve both the internal semantic framework of terms, or even the semantic relationships that can be found in code. When you look at the first set, biggest phenomena become polysemy (having said that with vagueness), metonymy, metaphor, and you may prototypicality. Within the second lay, prominent information is lexical sphere, lexical relationships, conceptual metaphor and you may metonymy, and frames. Theoretically talking, a portion of the theoretic tactics which have succeeded one another on history of lexical semantics was prestructuralist historical semantics, structuralist semantics, and you can cognitive semantics. These types of theoretic structures differ concerning whether they need a network-depending in place of an excellent incorporate-situated method to keyword-meaning look however,, meanwhile, in the historical growth of the brand new discipline, he has for each and every contributed somewhat towards the descriptive and you can conceptual methods away from lexical semantics.
Lexical semantics is the study of keyword meaning. Next basic gift ideas an overview of the main phenomena examined in the lexical semantics and charts the many theoretical way of life one keeps contributed to the development of the field. The main focus lies on this new lexicological study of term definition while the a sensation in own correct, instead of toward communications which have surrounding disciplines. What this means is you to definitely morphological semantics, jak poslat zprÃ¡vu nÄ›komu na singleparentmeet that’s the examination of this is of morphemes and also the method by which it merge into conditions, is not protected, since it is always believed an alternate field out of lexical semantics right. Likewise, the newest user interface ranging from lexical semantics and sentence structure will never be chatted about commonly, as it’s considered to be regarding number 1 interest to own syntactic theorizing. There is absolutely no room to talk about the partnership between lexical semantics and you can lexicography because a practiced abuse. Having an entry-peak text on the lexical semantics, find Murphy (2010); to possess an even more thorough and you can outlined overview of the main historical and contemporary style off look in lexical semantics, look for Geeraerts (2010).
An element of the phenomena read by the lexical semantics was arranged collectively several size. Earliest, it makes a big change if or not we glance at semantic phenomena in this individual terms and conditions otherwise if i view meaningful formations for the vocabulary total. Terminologically, this huge difference from angle are going to be shown by making reference to a good ‘semasiological’ and you may an enthusiastic ‘onomasiological’ direction. (Semasiology investigates the connection between conditions and definition with the phrase since starting point: it is generally in search of this new polysemy out-of conditions. Onomasiology requires the latest converse direction: provided a thought are conveyed or anything become categorized, just what choices does a code provide, and just how will be the options generated?) Next, a big change has to be produced ranging from an approach you to concentrates on the issues and you may affairs only and something that takes into consideration the distinctions out-of structural pounds anywhere between those individuals issues and you may relations. Whilst the terms aren’t primary, we can make use of the words ‘qualitative approach’ and you may ‘decimal approach’ to mention to this second differences. Whenever we get across-identify the 2 distinctions, we obtain four categories of topics. ‘Qualitative’ semasiology deals with keyword senses additionally the semantic hyperlinks certainly men and women sensory faculties, including metaphor and you will metonymy within amount of personal terms and conditions. ‘Qualitative’ onomasiology works together the brand new semantic relationships one of lexical factors, for example lexical industries and you may lexical relations. ‘Quantitative’ semasiology works together with prototype effects: distinctions of salience and you can architectural pounds inside an item otherwise a great definition. ‘Quantitative’ onomasiology works with salience effects in the lexicon at-large, such as for instance first-peak phenomena.
Desk step one The fresh Descriptive Range from Lexical Semantics
The four sets of subjects try summarized inside Desk step 1. While the would-be viewed later on, this schematic logo is even beneficial to choose new share out-of the different theoretic tactics having successively ruled the evolution out-of lexical semantics.